I think one of the classic’s is Tracy Kidder’s The Soul of a New Machine. The story of the creation in the late 70s of a Data General mini-computer. (Not what you think of as “mini” today.) I read this in grad school and it heavily influenced my career choices. The technology is ancient, but the story of team work and competition is just as fresh today.
Another outstanding work of non-fiction (or maybe it is speculative fiction – hard to say) that still resonates in modern culture and technology almost 76 years later, is Vannevar Bush’s As We May Think. The ideal “Memex” device that Bush envisioned as a store of all knowledge is still an unachieved goal that influences a lot of software and hardware design today.
The third recommendation is Alan Turing’s Can A Machine Think, in which Turing outlines the problem of what came to be called the “Turing Test” to prove if an machine can be deemed indistinguishable from a human mind. Again, 70+ years old but an essential foundational reading for anyone interesting in why tech today is what it is.
Finally, almost in response to all the above, consider Jaron Lanier’s You Are Not a Gadget, which speaks for itself.
No matter the field, reading original sources rather than someone’s interpretation of the source is essential. If you have the time and inclination, consider a membership in the Association for Computing Machinery, and one or more of its SIGs. ACM has been the locus for computing theory for decades.