Could you ask or appoint someone to take notes for you if you are leading or presenting at the meeting? This is my approach. I need to focus on the discussion or my presentation, not notes. Just a thought.
I agree with @Bmosbacker. I’d officially ask your workplace for an accommodation for your epilepsy, if they aren’t willing to let you record or give you other assistance in response to informal inquiries.
Besides that, you might try asking your group to take notes in a shared Google doc or the like, which would let you combine words that will help you with others’ notes. You can use a template that is structured in a way that’ll helpful for you later. E.g., if you have trouble remembering who agreed to what, use a Google doc with an action items section that has an example action that holds those responsible and the due date, so others will write more completely.